Analysis of the Crimean Tatars Situation During the Occupation of Crimea by Russia in 2014 with the Conflict and Peace Studies Approach
In 2014, the Russian Federation unexpectedly produced a crisis in Crimea. Without a single shot, Putin’s Russia illegally has occupied and annexed Crimea. This paper analyzes the historical background of the crisis with the emphasis on the Crimean Tatars. First, the history of Crimea briefly is presented. Second, the Crimean Tatars national struggle is explained by using peace studies and nonviolence concepts and theories. Third, the 2014 Crimean Crisis were explained by using not only geo-strategic and geo-economic concepts but also psycho-historical concepts, specifically chosen traumas of the Crimean Tatars and Russians. The article suggests that Russia invaded Crimea not only the strategic national interests of the Black Sea Fleet but most importantly the losing of Crimea in 1954 and 1990s as chosen traumatic events. Similarly, the Crimean Tatars were produced their national identities on their “Sürgün”, the forceful deportation of the Crimean Tatars by Stalin to Siberia and the Central Asia.