The Conflict of Transnistria

The Conflict of Transnistria
Irfan Kaya ÜLGER
Iuliana Oprea
 
Abstract
The aim of this work is to give an overview of the conflict in Transnistria. Transnistrian history is presented in this article according to Romanian and Moldavian history. Transnistria has suffered a lot of changes in the past centuries, but the turning point of this region’s history was in 1812, when Russia annexed Moldavia from Romania and named it ‘Bessarabia’. During the time, the territory was used as a geostrategic point for Russia’s reaching Black Sea coast, for spreading communism to Eastern Europe and nowadays for settling an important military base. The paper will examine the Russian methods used for destabilizing the pace in the region and it will present the details of the 1992 war. The causes that led to the conflictual situation, the involvement of the regional and international actors and a perspective for a possible conflict settlement will be presented in the essay as well.
 
Keywords
Bessarabia, Dniester, Deportations, Penta-lateral Negotiation Process, Military conflict, Russia

 

The Conflict of Transnistria